Born May 26, 1907. Winterset, Iowa.
Died June 11, 1979. Los Angeles, California.
Josephine Saenz. 1933. Divorced 1945.
Esperanza Bauer. 1946. Divorced 1954.
Pilar Palette. 1954.
Michael Wayne. Born November 23, 1934.
Toni Wayne. Born 1936.
Patrick Wayne. Born July 15, 1939.
Melinda Wayne. Born 1940.
Aissa Wayne. Born 1956.
John Ethan Wayne. Born 1962.
Marisa Wayne. Born 1966.
Marion Michael Morrison, John Wayne moved with his family to California
when he was young. Wayne spent his youth ranching near the Mojave
Desert, and often rode a horse to school. He took the nickname
"The Duke" from the family's pet Airedale. When he was
not accepted into the US Naval Academy, he attended the University
of Southern California on a football scholarship.
got his first job in movies as a prop man in exchange for football
tickets. He was cast in his first leading role in 1929 in the
movie The Big Trail. After nearly ten years of appearing in small
western and action films, during which time he took the name John
Wayne, he gained prominance almost overnight when John Ford cast
him in the lead role of Stagecoach.
Wayne was in demand for lead roles, and he continuously appeared
in movies until the mid-1970's, usually appearing as a tough,
idealistic cowboy or military man. Among some of his more memorable
films are Fort Apache (1948), Rio Grande (1950), Rio Bravo (1959),
The Alamo (1960), The Green Beret (1968), Rio Lobo (1970). He
won an Acadamy Award in 1969 for best actor for his portrayal
of Rooster Cogburn in True Grit.
reality, Wayne's tough guy image was just that, an image. He insisted
that it was mostly a gimmick that he decided early in his career
he needed to overcome a lack of acting training.
his death in 1979, a Congressional medal was created in Wayne's
oldest son Michael headed Batjac Productions, the production company
that Wayne owned, and produced most of his father's films in beginning
in 1963. His sons Patrick and John Ethan both followed their father's
footsteps by becoming actors.