Born 1732 (approx). Berkeley County, South Carolina.
Francis Marion was born in South Carolina in roughly 1732. He
began a military career in 1761 when he led a successful raid
against the Cherokee. He was elected to the first provincial congress
of South Carolina, but on the brink of war, the congress appointed
him captain of a newly organized militia.
Marion commanded the capture of British forts in Charleston, South
Carolina, in September 1775. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel
when the Continental Congress took over his regiment.
the British took captured Charleston in 1780, American troops
pulled out of South Carolina. Marion stayed behind and organized
a small force of men and trained them in guerrilla tactics. Poorly
equipped and living off the land, Marion and his men were able
to capture small groups British soldiers, sabotage communication
and supply lines, and rescue American prisoners. They avoided
capture by withdrawing to swamps that were unfamiliar to the British,
earning Marion the nickname "Swamp Fox."
the end of the war Marion joined forces with American General
Nathanael Greene. In 1781 they forced the British to retreat to
North Carolina after the Battle of Eutaw Springs.
was elected to the senate of South Carolina in 1781 while still
leader of his brigade. He was reelected in 1782 and 1784, after
the war ended. He was appointed commander commander of Fort Johnson
in Charleston in appreciation for his military service.
died in 1795, but his legacy lives on. A national forest was named
after him in South Carolina, and Marion, Iowa celebrates its annual
Festival in September. In 1970, Francis Marion University
was founded in Florence, South Carolina. In June 2000, Mel Gibson
starred in the movie The Patriot, a movie that was loosely based
on Marion's Revolutionary War experiences in fighting from South
Carolona swamps. There was even at one time a Arena Football League
2 team named the Charleston Swamp Foxes.